Located in the municipality of III Frente Oriental Mario Muñoz Monroy, in Santiago de Cuba it occupies a place in history for being the site where the Father of the Homeland (Padre de la Patria), Carlos Manuel de Céspedes lived out his last days.
Céspedes was the first president of the Republic of Cuba in Arms (República de Cuba en armas) and later on was deposed due to misunderstandings, retired to this place and dedicated himself to being a teacher.
As destiny had it, on February 27 of 1874 he was warned that nearby there was a Spanish group of soldiers. He immediately went out with his revolver in his hand and was hunted by the Spanish. Almost at the top of a hill he was mortally shot and fell down a ravine.
Due to the events, this site was declared a National Monument on December 25th of 1979.
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